Driving Test Success THEORY CATEGORIES --- MAIN MENU Theory test: Accidents Topics include:

First Aid: basic first aid and dealing with road accidents.

Warning Devices: knowing how to warn other road users of an accident

Reporting Procedures: knowing how and when to call the emergency services and knowing when you must report road accidents

Safety Regulations: understanding the warning signs and dangers for vehicles carrying hazardous loads.

Use Hazard Warning lights When stopped and temporarily obstructing traffic
When you slow down quickly on a motorway because of a hazard ahead
When you have broken down
First Aid To stop bleeding without the aid of a bandage apply pressure to the wound and, if possible, raise it.
If an accident victim has a burn, you should try and cool it, with clean, cool, non-toxic liquid, for at least 10 minutes. If anything is stuck to the burn do not remove it.

You find an unconscious casualty. You should check their breathing for at least 10 seconds. Do this by placing your cheek over their mouth and nose (to feel for breath) and then looking to see if the chest rises.

If the casualty is breathing you should still check that their airway is clear.

If a casualty isn't breathing then chest compression should be given at a rate of 100 per minute. The correct depth to press is 4 to 5 centimeters.

When giving mouth to mouth resuscitation to a child you must breath into their mouth gently.

A person suffering from shock may be sweating and have pale grey skin.

An unconscious motorcyclist must only be moved if absolutely necessary, as moving them could worsen any injuries. Do not remove their helmet. Seek medical assistance straight away.

Any casualty with suspected back injuries should not be moved.

At any crash if you find an unconscious casualty your first priority is to check their breathing. You must then:

Check circulation
Check their airway is clear and remove anything blocking the mouth then tilt the head back Stop any heavy bleeding Warn other traffic
Try and keep injured people:

Warm and comfortable
Calm by reassuring them -Do not leave them alone
Accident Scenes If you arrive at a accident scene:
Make sure all engines are switched off.
Call the emergency services. Don't put yourself at risk. Switch on your hazard warning lights. Get people who are not injured away from the scene (this is your priority).
If you are in a collision that causes damage or injury to any other person, vehicle, animal or property then you must stop and give the following details to anyone who has reasonable grounds for requiring them.

Your name
The vehicle owner's name and address The vehicle's make and registration Insurance details
If you cause damage to property and the property owner is not available then you must inform the police within 24 hours.

If you are involved in a road accident the police may ask to see your driving licence, insurance certificate, MOT certificate.

Long Tunnels When driving through long tunnels variable message signs will warn you of congestion or an incident ahead.
Keep a safe distance from the vehicle in front.

If the vehicle in front stops or breakdown you may need to manoeuvre passed it. If you breakdown use your hazard lights and call for help.

Tune your radio to the frequency shown.

If your vehicle catches fire continue through the tunnel if you can. If you can't try and put the fire out.

Level Crossings If you breakdown on a level crossing:
Leave your vehicle and get yourself and any passengers away from the crossing.
Phone the signal operator. Move the vehicle if a signal operator tells you to

Motorways If you get a puncture on a motorway pull up on the hard should and use the emergency phone to call for help.
Use your hazard lights to warn other drivers if you have to slow down quickly due to a hazard ahead or if your breakdown and can't reach the hard shoulder.

A large box falls from a lorry. The lorry doesn't stop. You should pull onto the hard shoulder near an emergency telephone and report it.

When using an emergency telephone you will be asked

The number on the telephone.
Details of yourself and your vehicle. Are you a member of a motoring organisation.
Other Facts If your engine catches fire you should pull up as safely and as quickly as you can and call the fire brigade. Do not open the bonnet.
While driving a dashboard warning light comes on, you should check out the problem quickly and safely.

Accidents Theory Questions
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The correct answer is highlighted in red, as is the official DSA knowledge and understanding for each question.
Qu.1 - Mark one answer You see a car on the hard shoulder of a motorway with a HELP pennant displayed. This means the driver is most likely to be
A. A disabled driver B. First aid trained
C. A foreign visitor
D. A rescue patrol person

If a disabled driver’s vehicle breaks down and they are unable to walk to an emergency phone, they are advised to stay in their car and switch on the hazard warning lights. They may also display a 'Help’ pennant in their vehicle.
Qu.2 - Mark one answer You are going through a congested tunnel and have to stop. What should you do?
A. Pull up very close to the vehicle in front to save space
B. Ignore any message signs as they are never up to date
C. Keep a safe distance from the vehicle in front D. Make a U-turn and find another route

It’s important to keep a safe distance from the vehicle in front at all times. This still applies in congested tunnels even if you are moving very slowly or have stopped. If the vehicle in front breaks down you may need room to manoeuvre past it.

Qu.3 - Mark one answerYou are on a motorway. A large box falls onto the road from a lorry. The lorry does not stop. You should
A. Go to the next emergency telephone and report the hazard B. Catch up with the lorry and try to get the driver's attention
C. Stop close to the box until the police arrive
D. Pull over to the hard shoulder, then remove the box

Lorry drivers can be unaware of objects falling from their vehicles. If you see something fall onto a motorway look to see if the driver pulls over. If they don’t stop, do not attempt to retrieve it yourself. Pull on to the hard shoulder near an emergency telephone and report the hazard. You will be connected to the police or a Highways Agency control centre.
Qu.4 - Mark one answer You arrive at the scene of a motorcycle crash. The rider is injured. When should the helmet be removed?
A. Only when it is essentialB. Always straight away
C. Only when the motorcyclist asks
D. Always, unless they are in shock

DO NOT remove a motorcyclist’s helmet unless it is essential. Remember they may be suffering from shock. Don’t give them anything to eat or drink but do reassure them confidently.
Qu.5 - Mark one answerWhich of the following should you not do at the scene of a collision?
A. Warn other traffic by switching on your hazard warning lights
B. Call the emergency services immediately
C. Offer someone a cigarette to calm them downD. Ask drivers to switch off their engines

Keeping casualties or witnesses calm is important, but never offer a cigarette because of the risk of fire. Bear in mind they may be in shock. Don’t offer an injured person anything to eat or drink. They may have internal injuries or need surgery.
Qu.6 - Mark one answer At an incident a casualty is unconscious but still breathing. You should only move them if
A. An ambulance is on its way
B. Bystanders advise you to
C. There is further danger D. Bystanders will help you to

Do not move a casualty unless there is further danger, for example, from other traffic or fire. They may have unseen or internal injuries. Moving them unnecessarily could cause further injury. Do NOT remove a motorcyclists helmet unless it’s essential.

Qu.7 - Mark two answers Your tyre bursts while you are driving. Which TWO things should you do?
A. Pull on the handbrake
B. Brake as quickly as possible
C. Pull up slowly at the side of the road
D. Hold the steering wheel firmly to keep control
E. Continue on at a normal speed

A tyre bursting can lead to a loss of control, especially if you’re travelling at high speed. Using the correct procedure should help you to stop the vehicle safely.

Qu.8 - Mark two answers Which TWO safeguards could you take against fire risk to your vehicle?
A. Keep water levels above maximum
B. Carry a fire extinguisher C. Avoid driving with a full tank of petrol
D. Use unleaded petrol
E. Check out any strong smell of petrol F. Use low octane fuel

The fuel in your vehicle can be a dangerous fire hazard. Never use a naked flame near the vehicle if you can smell fuel or smoke when refuelling your vehicle.
Qu.9 - Mark one answer Your engine catches fire. What should you do first?
A. Lift the bonnet and disconnect the battery
B. Lift the bonnet and warn other traffic
C. Call a breakdown service
D. Call the fire brigade
If you suspect a fire in the engine compartment you should pull up as safely and as quickly as possible. DO NOT open the bonnet as this will fuel the fire further. Get any passengers out of the vehicle and dial 999 immediately to contact the fire brigade.
Qu.10 - Mark one answer You are in a collision on a two-way road. You have a warning triangle with you. At what distance before the obstruction should you place the warning triangle?
A. 25 metres
B. 45 metres C. 100 metres
D. 150 metres

This is the minimum distance to place the triangle from the obstruction. If there’s a bend or hump in the road place it so that approaching traffic has plenty of time to react to the warning and slow down. You may also need to use your hazard warning lights, especially in poor visibility or at night.

Contains the Theory Test Questions for Car Drivers. Crown copyright material has been reproduced by permission of the Driving Standards Agency which does not accept any responsibility for the accuracy of the reproduction.